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Anemia is a blood disease that develops when your red blood cells are either underactive or malfunctioning. It can affect your life in a variety of ways, from mild illnesses to dangerous kinds; for example, inherited anemia results in chronic health problems, which can be a sign of more serious issues like cancer.

Causes of Anemia

There are different causes of anemia, such as:

  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Iron deficiency
  • Anemia of inflammation
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Anemia linked to bone marrow disease
  • Sickle cell anemia

Types of Anemia

Anemia can be deadly, but it depends on the type of Anemia you have.

  • Thalassemia
    Your body generates less hemoglobin, which leads to small red blood cells and Anemia. Thalassemia minor is asymptomatic, but thalassemia major is severe.
  • Hemolytic Anemia
    Your blood cells die faster or break down. Even though hemolytic anemia seldom results in death, there are a number of variables that may affect the prognosis.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
    This anemia causes your red blood cells to shift from flexible, spherical discs into rigid, sticky sickle cells that obstruct blood flow.
  • Aplastic Anemia
    Aplastic anemia is when bone marrow stem cells don’t produce enough blood cells. Untreated aplastic anemia is dangerous and can result in death.
  • Fanconi Anemia
    Fanconi anemia is a blood disorder that damages bone marrow and results in a reduction of all blood types below normal. People suffering from Fanconi anemia are likely to develop cancer and other complications.

What are the Risk Factors of Anemia?

The risk factors of anemia involve:

  • Pregnancy
    Anemia is common in pregnancy when a pregnant woman does not take a multivitamin that contains iron and folic acid.
  • Current Chronic Condition
    Diabetes, cancer, kidney failure, and any other chronic conditions increase the risk of Anemia since these conditions can cause loss of blood cells.
  • Family History
    Having a family member with an inherited form of anemia, such as sickle cell anemia, can increase the risk of anemia.
  • Other factors
    Too much alcohol consumption or being around toxic chemicals also increases the risk of Anemia. Additionally, certain infections and blood diseases are risk factors, too.

How is Anemia Treated?

Treatment for anemia depends on the type of anemia you have. The doctor will address any underlying conditions; however, they could also provide the following anemia-specific therapies, medications, or dietary supplements:

  • Iron supplements
  • Folic acid supplements
  • Vitamin B12 supplements.
  • Immunosupressants
  • Erythropoietin


Anemia is usually mild and can be treated easily, but if not, it can be deadly or cause cancer. The prognosis varies depending on the kind of severe Anemia. A doctor may be able to use blood transformation and medicines to lessen the condition’s symptoms.

Gastroenterology offers the best treatment for Anemia and any anemia-related issue you might be suffering from. You can book your appointment by calling (281)-357-1977 and ensure your health is safe in hands.

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