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Are you experiencing changes in your bowel habits like constipation and diarrhea? Do you have unexplainable weight loss, blood in stool and abdominal pain? If you have done everything to reduce your symptoms and nothing is working, then you might need to contact a Gastroenterologist.
You might be dealing with colon cancer. It is the third most common cancer worldwide. Let us learn more about this cancer and symptoms to have a better understanding of it.

What is Colon Cancer?

Colon cancer also known as colorectal cancer is growth of a cell that usually begins in the colon. It is the longest part of the large intestine which breaks down food and then carries it to the rectum.
Colon cancer usually develops from Polyps which are small clumps that form in your colon. Usually they are not cancerous, but overtime if left untreated can turn into colorectal cancer.

What are Its Symptoms?

In the early stages of colon cancer, there are no symptoms shown. The symptoms usually depend on the size of the cancer and where it is in the large intestine. Here are the few symptoms:

  • Sudden changes in bowel habits, like diarrhea and constipation.
  • Rectal bleeding(bright red or tar like color)
  • Abdominal pain or cramps that just won’t go away
  • Constantly feeling tired and out of energy, even with proper rest
  • Weight Loss without trying
  • Bloated stomach

How Can We Reduce the Risk of Colon Cancer?

Lifestyle changes and regular screening can help to prevent colon cancer. Here are the lifestyle changes that can help you reduce the risk of colon cancer:

  • Eating a proper diet
    Eating a proper diet is very important. Make sure you have fruits, vegetables and whole grains in your diet. They have vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants which helps to prevent cancer.
  • Avoid smoking at all costs
    People who smoke have an increased risk of colon cancer. Therefore it is best to avoid it at all costs.
  • Maintaining your weight
    Having obesity can be dangerous for you. Hence, it is necessary to work to maintain your weight with a healthy diet and exercise. If you want to lose weight, then be sure to contact your health team.
  • Avoid alcohol
    It is best to avoid alcohol. However, you can drink it in moderation. Limit the amount you drink to one drink or so.
  • Proper exercise
    Only our diet isn’t important, exercising is equally essential. Try to at least get 30 minutes of exercise every day. If you are just starting, then slowly take a start and then increase the time to 30 minutes.

What are the Treatment Options?

Treatment for colon cancer is usually based on the type, medical history of the patient and how much it has spread.
However, surgery is the most common treatment for it. Here are the different type of surgeries:

  1. Polypectomy
    It is a simple procedure to remove the cancerous polyp.
  2. Partial colectomy
    This is also known as colon resection. It involves removing a part of your colon that contains the tumor. Then they reconnect healthy colon sections in a procedure called anastomosis.
  3. Radiofrequency ablation
    In this procedure, they use heat to destroy the cancer cells.

Surgery might also be combined with adjuvant therapy. It is usually after the surgery or before to prevent the cancer from coming back or spreading. Treatments may include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy

Wrap up

Colorectal cancer can be life-threatening. Hence, it can be curable if detected early. Regular check-ups and screening is also important.
Gastroenterology Diagnostic Center is here to get rid of colon cancer and other gastronomical issues, providing you with extra attention and care. Dial (281) 357-1977 to talk to us now!

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