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It can be a nerve-wracking situation to realize that you are throwing up blood. It is often an indication that the organs in your digestive tract are malfunctioning or have some sort of abnormality. Medically known as hematemesis, vomiting blood is not something you should take lightly, even if you coughed up a small amount of blood. Make sure you get in touch with your healthcare provider right away! So, what does it mean when you throw up blood? Carry on reading to learn the possible causes!

What Does it Mean When You Throw Up Blood?

Here are some possible reasons you might be throwing up blood:

1. Gastritis

When your protective mucus lining is destroyed, and you do not receive the required treatment, it can result in inflammation in your stomach. Your stomach is vulnerable to developing ulcers when the mucus lining is destroyed, and it can lead to bleeding. You may suffer from bloody vomit and even dark stools due to gastritis.

2. Esophagitis

The esophagus connects your mouth to the stomach. Infections, reflux, or gastritis can cause inflammation in the esophagus, which is called esophagitis. If you are suffering from this condition, you probably have excess acid in the esophagus. As a result, you might experience heartburn, a bitter taste in your mouth, blood in your vomit, and even a sore throat.

3. Stomach Ulcers

Generally, chronic gastritis can lead to the appearance of ulcers in your stomach tissue, especially due to stomach acid. You might notice stomach pain at night or between your meals that does not go away, even with medications. You might even suffer from nausea and bloody vomit.


When the stomach contents go back into your esophagus and reach toward your mouth, it is known as GERD or gastroesophageal reflux. You will experience the symptoms of pain, inflammation of the esophageal wall, and bloody vomit in severe cases. That is not all – this condition also results in heartburn, indigestion, and even excessive belching.

5. Chronic Pancreatitis

If you have progressive inflammation of your pancreas, it could cause blood vessels present around your pancreas to rupture, causing bloody vomit. This is known as chronic pancreatitis, and you will also experience yellowing eyes, nausea, fever, and intense pain on the left side of your stomach. You should not waste any time in contacting your doctor if you notice blood in your vomit!

6. Portal Hypertension

Your portal vein carries blood from the abdominal organs all the way to your liver, and if it has an increase in pressure, that could affect its function. You will throw up blood and even pass dark, foul-smelling stools. You will immediately need to receive emergency treatment!

7. Nose Bleed

Nose bleeds can be very intense and cause you to swallow blood, which your body will eliminate by vomiting. While throwing up blood after nose bleeding is not that serious, you still need to monitor it and report to your doctor if this is a frequent occurrence.

Final Note

You might have bloody vomit due to gastritis, nose bleeding, portal hypertension, stomach ulcers, and more. Your doctor will assess your condition and proceed with adequate treatment. Make sure you get in touch with a doctor for blood in vomit!

At Gastroenterology Diagnostic Center, we care about your well-being. Get in touch with us now at (281) 357-1977.

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